Traditional Khubz Tannour: Clay Oven Bread


Khubz Tannour, also known as clay oven bread, is a staple in Middle Eastern cuisine, known for its distinct flavor and texture achieved through baking in a traditional clay oven. This bread is not just a culinary delight but also a cultural experience, often enjoyed fresh and warm with a variety of dips, meats, and vegetables. The earthy aroma and slightly smoky taste of Khubz Tannour make it a must-try for anyone looking to explore authentic Middle Eastern flavors.

Traditional Khubz Tannour: Clay Oven Bread

Preparation and Cooking Times

  • Preparation Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
  • Cooking Time: 10 minutes
  • Total Time: 1 hour 40 minutes

Servings and Serving Size

  • Servings: 8
  • Serving Size: 1 bread (approximately 100 grams)

Nutritional Information (per serving)

  • Calories: 200 kcal
  • Protein: 6 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 40 grams
  • Fat: 1 gram
  • Fiber: 2 grams
  • Sodium: 200 mg


  • Flour: 500 grams (4 cups)
  • Warm water: 300 ml (1 1/4 cups)
  • Yeast: 7 grams (1 packet or 2 1/4 teaspoons)
  • Salt: 10 grams (2 teaspoons)
  • Sugar: 5 grams (1 teaspoon)
  • Olive oil: 15 ml (1 tablespoon)

Method of Preparation

  1. In a small bowl, combine warm water, sugar, and yeast. Let it sit for 5-10 minutes until it becomes frothy.
  2. In a large mixing bowl, combine flour and salt.
  3. Make a well in the center and add the activated yeast mixture and olive oil.
  4. Mix until a dough forms. If the dough is too sticky, add a bit more flour. If too dry, add a little water.
  5. Transfer the dough to a floured surface and knead for about 10 minutes until it is smooth and elastic.
  6. Place the dough in a lightly oiled bowl, cover it with a damp cloth, and let it rise in a warm place for about 1 hour or until it doubles in size.
  7. Punch down the dough to release the air. Divide it into 8 equal parts.
  8. Roll each part into a ball and then flatten it into a round disc about 1/4 inch thick.
  9. If using a traditional tannour, preheat it according to the manufacturer's instructions. For an oven, preheat to the highest setting (usually around 250°C or 480°F) with a baking stone inside.
  10. Carefully place the dough discs on the walls of the tannour or on the preheated baking stone in the oven.
  11. Bake for about 5-7 minutes until the bread puffs up and gets golden brown spots.
  12. Remove the bread from the oven and let it cool on a wire rack. Serve warm with your favorite dips and dishes.

Tips for Culinary Success

  • Ensure the water for the yeast activation is warm but not hot to avoid killing the yeast.
  • Knead the dough thoroughly to develop the gluten, which gives the bread its texture.
  • Let the dough rise in a warm, draft-free environment for the best results.
  • Use a baking stone or a traditional tannour for an authentic taste and texture.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can I make Khubz Tannour without a clay oven? 

  • Yes, you can use a baking stone in a conventional oven to mimic the clay oven's effect.
Can I freeze Khubz Tannour? 

  • Yes, you can freeze the baked bread. Wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and aluminum foil to prevent freezer burn.
What dishes pair well with Khubz Tannour?

  • It pairs wonderfully with hummus, baba ganoush, grilled meats, and fresh salads.

Enjoy the authentic taste of the Middle East with every bite of Khubz Tannour. Perfect for family meals or special gatherings, this clay oven bread will transport you to a land of rich culinary traditions. Bake, share, and savor the flavors of this timeless recipe.