Sumac Symphony: Musakhan Delicacy


Indulge in the aromatic splendor of Sumac Symphony: Musakhan Delicacy, a classic Palestinian dish that beautifully marries the tangy zest of sumac with tender chicken and caramelized onions. Served atop a soft, pillowy flatbread, this dish is a harmonious blend of flavors and textures, making each bite a memorable experience.

Sumac Symphony: Musakhan Delicacy

Preparation and Cooking Times

  • Preparation Time: 25 minutes
  • Cooking Time: 45 minutes
  • Total Time: 70 minutes

Servings and Serving Size

  • Servings: 4 people
  • Serving Size: 1 large flatbread with toppings

Nutritional Profile (per serving)

  • Calories: 550 kcal
  • Protein: 35 g
  • Carbohydrates: 40 g
  • Fat: 28 g
  • Sodium: 480 mg
  • Fiber: 3 g


  • Chicken thighs, bone-in and skin-on: 800 grams (28.2 ounces / 1.76 pounds)
  • Large onions, thinly sliced: 600 grams (21.2 ounces / 1.32 pounds)
  • Sumac: 30 grams (1 ounce / 0.066 pounds)
  • Olive oil: 60 ml (2 ounces / 0.125 pounds)
  • Pine nuts: 50 grams (1.76 ounces / 0.11 pounds)
  • Flatbread (like taboon or pita): 4 pieces
  • Salt: 5 grams (0.18 ounces / 0.01 pounds)
  • Ground black pepper: 2 grams (0.07 ounces / 0.004 pounds)

Detailed Method of Preparation

  1. Marinate Chicken: Coat the chicken thighs with half the sumac, salt, and pepper. Let marinate for at least 15 minutes.
  2. Cook Onions: In a large pan, heat half the olive oil. Add the onions and the remaining sumac. Cook until onions are caramelized.
  3. Cook Chicken: In another pan, heat the remaining oil and cook the chicken until golden and cooked through.
  4. Toast Pine Nuts: In a small pan, toast the pine nuts until golden.
  5. Assemble Musakhan: Place the flatbread on a baking sheet. Top with caramelized onions, cooked chicken, and sprinkle with toasted pine nuts.
  6. Bake: Bake in a preheated oven at 180°C (350°F) for 10 minutes.

Tips for Culinary Success

  • Caramelizing the onions slowly brings out their natural sweetness, complementing the sumac's tanginess.
  • Ensure the chicken is thoroughly cooked before assembling to maintain food safety.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What can I use if I don’t have sumac?

Lemon zest mixed with a touch of paprika can be a substitute, though sumac's unique flavor is irreplaceable.

Can Musakhan be made ahead of time?

Yes, you can prepare the components ahead and assemble and bake just before serving.

Is there a vegetarian alternative for Musakhan?

Grilled portobello mushrooms can replace chicken for a vegetarian version.